Vasili Alexandrovich Arkhipov (30 January 1926 – 19 August 1998) was a Soviet military officer. As second-in-command of a nuclear-armed submarine during the Cuban Missile Crisis, Arkhipov blocked the captain’s decision to launch a nuclear torpedo against the US Navy, thus averting a large-scale nuclear war. Reflecting on this incident forty years later, Thomas Blanton, director of the National Security Archive, remarked that “a guy called Vasili Arkhipov saved the world.” (Lloyd 2002)
Lloyd, Marion (2002) ‘Soviets close to using A-bomb in 1962 crisis, forum is told’, Boston Globe, October 13, p. A20.
Roberts, Priscilla Mary (ed.) (2012) Cuban Missile Crisis: The Essential Reference Guide, Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, pp. 13-14.
Savranskaya, Svetlana (2005) New sources on the role of Soviet submarines in the Cuban missile crisis, Journal of Strategic Studies, vol. 28, pp. 233–259.