I think the “how” is roughly:
If you do not know the steps to your goal with high confidence, then do the following:
You can imagine that you’re looking at a map, and your distant goal is somewhere on the map, but the map is blurry / not yet revealed all the way to your distant goal
So then identify what options you *do* know the steps to (the ones that _are_ visible on the map), and then pick the option from those that is most novel
This is because the more novel it is, the more likely it is to reveal large and unexpected portions of the map, potentially including the part that gives you a visible path to your distant goal
So when uncertain, identify the most novel thing you know how to do/achieve, and repeat that, and that’s likely the best (albeit very roundabout!) route for getting to your distant not-yet-visible-path goal.
If the above is intriguing, I’d highly recommend watching the video – I think it’s a very well spent 15 minutes if watching on 2x speed.