FHI Report: How Will National Security Considerations Affect Antitrust Decisions in AI? An Examination of Historical Precedents

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Part I lists and an­a­lyzes the cases I iden­ti­fied, then lists sev­eral con­clu­sions I was able to draw from my case stud­ies. Those con­clu­sions are:

  1. Na­tional se­cu­rity con­sid­er­a­tions have en­tered the an­titrust en­force­ment pro­cess nu­mer­ous times over the past 100 years.

  2. It is rare for the USG to ac­tively use an­titrust en­force­ment to ad­vance un­re­lated na­tional se­cu­rity ob­jec­tives.

  3. In cases where na­tional se­cu­rity and eco­nomic con­sid­er­a­tions con­flict, eco­nomics has been given more weight over time.

  4. The pres­i­dent plays an im­por­tant role in rec­on­cil­ing con­flict­ing con­sid­er­a­tions.

Part II dis­cusses how these con­clu­sions might ap­ply to AI firms in the com­ing decades.

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